American Aquarium Products Newsletter April 2018
American Aquarium Products, Unique Aquatic Supplies, Ocean Décor, and Information

April 2018 Newsletter
Recommend Articles:

  • How To: Treat Sick Fish

  • Columnaris Treatment

  • Nitrate Reduction

  • Pond Care

  • Ask the Expert:
    By Carl Strohmeyer
    Interviewed by Devon Trigg

    Q: Tips for pond season around the corner?

    A: With the season upon us, there's some things you want to make sure are in check for a successful clear pond this summer.

    First, is making sure the pond is cleaned up from last season. Leaves that have fallen, plants that have decayed are usually the biggest chore from the last season. If there's an excess of decay in the pond, now with the Sun hitting the pond there's going to be a build-up that will attach to the rocks and pond side walls. Any decaying leaf and plants will attract algae and a thick sludge will start to take over making the filtration not be able to keep up. If a large dialed in filter has been installed prior to this extra decay, the sludge may not build up.

    This is the time to check equipment to get ahead of the hot season. If the equipment is not fully operating before it gets warm and sunny... even if the equipment is fixed during the season, the pond will struggle to stay clear without a lot of extra work. So, checking aeration, pumps, filters, skimmers, waterfalls, and plumbing is best. This is also the time to start adding algaecides if this process has been stopped. Even if there's no algae now, starting before theres a problem is best for prevention.

    Clean filters now. Usually, with canisters with backflow features, a cleaning is needed only once or twice a year. This is a good time. If the pads can just be rinsed that's great for keeping good bacteria for keeping the pond clear. Don't replace the pads unless they are falling apart or not letting water through. Rinse bio-rock or media of sludge allowing for new surfaces for new bacteria to grow. Refreshing bacteria is a good practice, but it's also a balance. All filters don't need to be done at once. Let time go by before cleaning another filter or some pads after cleaning the first. This allows some bacteria to keep the pond cycled and feed the new pads with bacteria. If pads are replaced, it takes over six weeks to start growing the bacteria. Cycle-aid can be purchased to speed up this process. Make sure it's quality cycle-aid, which is heterotrophic bacteria and not just autotrophic. This type of bacteria less effect and also makes the pond reliant on needed the aid for a strong cycle. Its also cheaper, so it can clearly be seen what bacteria is purchased based on price. Heterotrophic bacteria are the type, which consume nitrate sludge build-up.

    If a more efficient filter is needed, because the pond struggled to stay clear last season; consider a Veggie Pond Bog Filter. When these are set-up correctly, these are VERY effective.

    If there isn't a sterilizer, this is a great tool that should be added. It clears the pond and also boost immunity of fish. A true sterilizer is best. Just learn which size is needed and how to plumb it to make it work or it will be a useless blue light. Longer narrower sterilizers are best. AAP carries professional sterilizers, which are best for clearing green water. If theres already a sterilizer on the pond make sure to change the lamp. Over a year of using the same lamp 25%+ of the UVc power is lost, which could make all the difference keeping up on those hot days. Make sure theyre quality low pressure lamps, which have 35% UVc output versus 7% output, which is common with many discount clarifiers. Double check the sterilizer is plumbed after some kind of filter. This is best for clearing water.

    Now, the time to start feeding fish again. Usually, over 40 degrees is the time. Fewer than 40 degrees is just too cold for fats to be digested even if the fish eats. The food will be stored. Higher fiber food at the beginning season is a fine idea too. Just to help the digestive tract move food. Then, make sure the fish's hiding places are in order.

    Plants should be in order to start growth. They can even be fertilized right now if preferred. This is best for constant blooms all season. A good rule of thumb for plant growth is to have about 70% of the pond covered by a leaf like a lily mid-season for protection and shading.

    There should also be plants with leaf out of the water with roots into the pond in two different areas. One in a rock or substrate with no flow getting into the root system. As in no oxygen in this root area. A bacteria is produced in these zones that digest waste buildup. Then, the other plant area should be with leaf out of the water with roots into a rock area that's pulling water oxygen though the roots. This is a zone, which helps the pond not become toxic. This also brings waste to the roots for feeding. This is considers a Plant Filter mentioned above.

    That should cover it for the most part. Of course, there's more information in the linked article in the Recommended Article Section. If theres a need the how-to details, check the article.




    Sick Fish Issues?!
    AAP has brought back a premium medication treatment conditioner line! These have been proven to work with synergist blends, which require multiple treatments by popular brands. AAP AquaTronics has been known as the leaders and pioneers in the aquatic professional community. Large grade and proven to work by professionals. These can be MORE effective all in one treatments. Make sure to check out the additional information on how to use the products for the most effective use, based on the cause of the illness. AAP is very excited to promote this professional line.

    Clay Neighbors Custom Fish Food

    Highest quality fish food out for typical fish... based on science and experience. The idea is to have all the good stuff, but not too much of the good stuff.

    Natural whole food

    No wheat/gluten

    Optimized limited energies (starch, fats, sugars & protein) to scientific approved levels

    Increased fiber best for digestive tract. Promotes good digestive bacteria

    No need to supplement food with vitamins

    Dehydrated to ensure vitamins and enzymes are not cooked off

    Natural Red/Yellow color enhancers- also boost immunity

    Natural Blue/Green color enhancers- also boost immunity

    Completely lists whats on the label up to 100%

    Crumble form- feed any way preferred. Top, middle, and bottom dwellers

    Carnivore, Omnivore, Herbivore, & Grow

    Hand milled, made in the US!

    American Aquarium Products Specials

    AquaBeam Reef White #600 Ultima High Light Reef Aquarium Capable LED Strip- $119.99 (SUPER SPECIAL; ONLY until 4/17- Limited Quantities)
    AquaBeam Reef White 2000 Ultima High Light Reef Aquarium Capable LED Tile- $209.99 (SUPER SPECIAL; ONLY ONE Available At This Price)
    AAP/TMC 110 Watt Professional Large Pond/Aquarium UV Sterilizer/Clarifier- $359.99 (SUPER SPECIAL; ONLY ONE Available At This Price)
    AAP CUV-218 18 Watt WITH HO UVC Lamps Compact UV Sterilizer- $95.99 (SPECIAL; ONLY until 4/17!)
    Natural Nautilus Shell Night Light- $12.99 (SPECIAL; - Limited Quantities)
    Tropic Marin Ultra Premium Reef/Marine Aquarium Salt- $19.99 for 7.5 lbs/25 gallons mixed (SPECIAL; ONLY until 4/17)
    Select Driftwood- Price Varies in Cart (Select Items Until Sold)
    AAP/American Sealants Premium Aquarium Silicone; Clear or Black- $7.19 (Limit 24 & Available Stock)
    SunSun HBL-501 HOB Power Filter- $12.99
    High Output T-5 #PUVLF211, four pin 11 Watt UV bulb (Fits Laguna Pressure Flo 700 & 1400, more)- $19.99 (Limited Stock)
    High Output T-5 #GPH287T5L/4P, four pin 14 -15 Watt UV bulb (Fits Classic Aqua 15 watt, more) - $22.99 (Limited Stock)
    High Output T-5 #GPH436T5/4P, four pin 25 Watt UV bulb (fits Aqua Ultraviolet, Savio, Laguna, & more)- $25.99 (Limited Stock)
    #PUVLF46H, four pin 50 Watt HO T5 UV bulb- $32.99
    Premium HO 9 Watt G23 UV Bulb/Lamp- $14.99
    Premium HO 18 Watt G11 UV Bulb/Lamp- $17.99
    Premium HO 36 Watt G11 UV Bulb/Lamp- $27.99
    SunSun JP-033 Fountain/Aquarium Pump, 160 gph- $9.99 (Limited Stock)
    Wicker Orb Oyster Shell SeaShell Wind Chime- $34.99 (Limited Stock)
    SunSun HBL-501 HOB Power Filter- $12.99

    Recent Article Updates
    Nitrogen Cycle- Aquarium & Pond Cycling
    "True nitrifying bacteria are Autotrophic and considered to be those belonging to the family Nitrobacteraceae whose energy sources are derived from the chemical conversion of ammonia to nitrite, or, nitrite to nitrate (Autotrophic bacteria are organisms that produce complex organic compounds from simple inorganic molecules). They require oxygen, utilize mostly inorganic (without carbon) compounds as their energy source, and require carbon dioxide (CO2) for their source of carbon. In the case of the Nitrobacteraceae these energy sources are derived from the chemical conversion of ammonia to nitrite, or, nitrite to nitrate."

    "Liquid Cycle, Quick Start, and Stress-Zyme are just preserved bacteria (mostly Heterotrophs) that are more useful for over feeding or other bio over loads in an established aquarium (as aerobic bacteria needed for nitrification do not store well in liquid form at room temperature without oxygen). Honestly in my tests Cycle or Stress Zyme are really only useful to aid in breakdown of excess wastes from over feeding, poor filtration, etc. (Cycle can also be used as an aid to organic breakdown while waiting for your aquarium Nitrogen Cycle to get started from other means when fish are present). The Heterotrophic Bacteria within these products can aid in the decomposing of excess organic waste however they are basically useless for actually seeding an aquarium. This is a FACT as per the earlier section of this article about nitrification as to true nitrifying bacteria being Autotrophic, not Heterotrophic."

    Rodox Potential- How It Relates To Aquatic Health
    "Another way to look at the Redox Potential in aquariums is to the relation of waste particles and acid production, as well as dissolved oxygen and most importantly depletion of key important elements.
    The more waste, the less Redox Potential (ORP) due to more nitric acid production and the depletion of key elements, but this is an over simplification as there is much more to it than this.

    You really need to look at the electrolyte balance in your aquarium.
    Calcium, as well as Magnesium, are both important reducers, however they are both easily oxidized as well (see the graph in the Redox Basics section). As well the use of oxidizers that "scrub" your aquarium such as Purigen and Chemipure can throw off this balance. So for proper balance, which includes reduction, these elements or more importantly their "electrical charge" (positive ions/cations) need to be replaced!

    Obviously high organic wastes also require an input of oxidation (higher Redox for Redox balance), but this should not be ongoing due to a poor balance of reducing to oxidation because of the lack of redox reducing mechanisms as well as a bio load the aquariums system cannot support.
    This is good reason to not overstock and aquarium, as there is a point where by it is impossible to balance your aquarium Redox other than for short term.

    The nitrogen cycle requires an input of oxidation, but it also requires an input of reduction due to the excess oxidizers/free electrons (Anions) produced. Without this balance, one creates an environment where the fish could therefore be attacked by these Anions (although a planted aquarium may not suffer from this aspect as much since many plants utilize these nutrients prior to entering the nitrogen cycle). This is also the problem of a high bio load in an aquarium or pond.
    This fact is borne out in both my long term observations and tests.

    Recent Video Releases
    Spring Koi & Goldfish Pond Care
    Spring Koi & Goldfish Pond Care

    How to care for those ponds after the long Fall and Winter seasons. Cleaning, basics about flow, filtration, feeding and more!

    Fish Columnaris
    Fish Columnaris Treatment

    A common fish disease, but the key is to learn how to identify. There's another illness that looks very close, but is not the same and is a different treatment.

    How to: Nitrate Reduction
    How to: Nitrate Reduction

    While there's not a set real known Nitrate level freshwater and saltwater aquariums/pond should be kept at. What can be agreed is that the value should be managed. Here's the best methods based on the type of maintenance being provided.

    Cool Stuff

    Everything Aquatic Forum
    Everything Aquatic

    One of the most helpful forums, with solid members. Ask a questions and learn from others experiences. The group has newbies to long time professionals. Talk about your set-up or check out tank builds.

    Sponsor Contact
    AAP Sponsorship

    Looking for a sponsorship for your aquatic club, group, forum, page, website, videos...? AAP might be the right partnership for you. Contact us for more details. How can we help each other?

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