American Aquarium Products

World Class Aquarium & Pond Information Aquarium and pond information, articles, help, answers, resources
aquarium information, help, advice, pond instructions Aquatic Information

AQUARIUM INFORMATION; Aquatic Resources

ShareThe Internet’s premier aquatic resource library with well researched and up-to-date aquarium and pond information, articles, answers, help, (including a link to “Aquarium and Pond Answers”), and growing with many more resources as well.

 Based on 36 years of professional aquarium maintenance, experience & research.;


Unlike many aquatic websites, much of our research is outside the aquarium industry/hobby so as to not rely on common anecdotal assumptions (such as Redox). We also use aquaculture, horticulture, medical, lighting industry and university research papers to compile many of our articles.

Resources to keep your aquatic pets, (fish and more), happy and healthy.


Frequently Asked Questions
Quick answers to common aquatic questions as well as for purchasing @ American Aquarium Products.
Aquarium Answers; Posts from aquatic forums and more. Check this article (blog) regularly for new aquatic answers backed by research you will not find anywhere else!
Why Use a UV Sterilizer? and Information about how UV Sterilization works;
Aquarium and Pond Sponge Filters;
Calcium, Magnesium, & KH in Aquariums;
Aquarium Medications & Treatments;
A Clear Pond; Pond Care, Filtration and General Pond Help;
Aquarium Filters and Filtration;
Water Pump Specifications;
Basic Freshwater Aquarium Principles;
Aquarium Plant Care; FERTS, CO2, Substrate, and more
Saltwater (Marine) Principles and Information;
Aquarium Disease Prevention;
Aquarium Lighting, the premier aquatic light resource;
Goldfish Care, basics;
Aquarium Cleaning;
Aquarium Nitrogen Cycle and Aquarium Cycling
The Redox Potential/Balance in Aquariums (& Ponds) and how it relates to proper Aquatic Health
Aquarium Ich: Ichthyophthirius Multifilis and Cryptocaryon Irritans.
Freshwater Velvet & Marine Oodinium
Fish Nutrition; What ingredients are needed for proper fish nutrition, growth and health;
Spirulina Algae; The Aquatic Health Benefits for Tropical/Marine Fish, and Goldfish;
Goldfish Feeding Basics, information;
Pump Specifications;
Videos
FOR EACH FULL AQUATIC ARTICLE, Please scroll down and click on the appropriate link
(or use the top navigation bar)

• Please note that some of the articles both here and in Aquarium & Pond Answers are of a more basic nature (such as Goldfish Basics), however others such as Aquarium Lighting are intentionally more in depth and need to be read in full (often multiple times) to fully understand rather than just snips.
Scroll to the summary section for more about this subject

create an animated gif


A unique resource for answers to aquatic questions;

AQUARIUM AND POND ANSWERS
has unique posts taken from questions on different aquarium forums or simply asked of me directly.

This "sister" website of American Aquarium website, also mostly authored by Carl Strohmeyer; is a great place to look for well researched unique aquatic answers not answered at all or completely at other aquarium or pond sites.
See Aquarium/Pond Answers Directory for a categorical directory listing of articles here.
Back To Top


Aquarium Answers Articles (In order of writing/posting)
  1. Bio Load in Aquarium or Pond
  2. TB in Fish; Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
  3. PUR vs PAR in Aquarium Lighting; Including Spectrographs
  4. Head Pressure in Aquarium and Pond Water Pumps
  5. Betta Fin Rot
  6. Angelfish Virus/Aids
  7. Activated Carbon
  8. Fish Baths/Dips as an aid to treatment
  9. Streptococcus gram positive bacterium in aquariums, Eye Infections
  10. Hydrogen Sulfide production in anaerobic De-Nitrification for Aquarium/Ponds
  11. Fish Shipping
  12. Aquarium Size, Fish Stunting
  13. Aquarium Algae,
    BBA & Brown Algae in particular
  14. Aquarium Salt (Sodium chloride) in Freshwater Aquariums
  15. Betta Habitat; Wild Bettas to Domestic Betta environment parameters
  16. HITH; Hole in the Head Disease
  17. Aquarium Protein Skimmers, Ozonizers
  18. Power Head/ Water Pump Review
  19. Keeping Mollies in an Aquarium, Molly Disease
  20. Basic Fish Anatomy, Fin Identification
  21. Aquarium Moving/ Power Failures
  22. Octopus as Aquarium Pets
  23. Aquarium Nitrates
  24. Ichthyophonus fungus in fish
  25. Aquarium and Pond Filter Media; types (Mechanical, bio, chemical, etc.)
  26. Aquarium Water Conditioners (also Pond)
  1. Fish Parasites; Trematodes & Monogeneans; Annelids and Nematodes; Flukes, internal worms, Detritus Worms (often confused with Planaria), Micro Worms
  2. Aquarium Silicone Applications; Aquarium Repair and DIY Aquarium Glass thickness
  3. Pond Veggie Filters; DIY Bog Filter
  4. The difference between Plaster of Paris and Aquarium Products such a Wonder Shells:
  5. NEON TETRA DISEASE; Identification, prevention and possible treatment
  6. AQUARIUM TEST KITS; what they are used for and their importance.
  7. SEXING FISH;
    The differences between males and females (if any)
  8. Chocolate Chip, Knobby and Fromia Starfish
  9. Freshwater Velvet/ Costia
  10. Usnic Acid as a Fish Remedy
  11. Aquarium Heaters; Types, information
  12. The Lateral Line in Fish as well as Lateral Line Disease
    or Head and Lateral Line Erosion (HLLE)
  13. What I should know about Tap Water for my Aquarium
  14. Can black ghost knife fish give an electric shock?
  15. Bio Wheel Review; Do Bio-Wheels really work?
  16. How do Fish Drink? PROPER OSMOTIC FUNCTION
    Use of RO or DI Water in Aquarium
  17. Aqua Clear
    Hang on the back power filters (HOB Filters)
  18. Cyclops, and Predatory Damselfly larvae
  19. Betta with Dropsy;
    Treatment and Prevention of DROPSY in all fish
  20. pH and KH problems in African Cichlid Aquarium
  21. Aquarium Gravel, which size?
  22. Blue green algae, Cyanobacteria in Ponds/Aquariums



Not Sure Which Aquarium or Pond Pump to Purchase? Please follow link below:
Pump Specifications, Recommendations Page

     
 


This article; ULTRA-VIOLET STERILIZATION (How UV Sterilization Works) explains the benefits and myths about aquarium and pond UV sterilization; What is UVC and what is the proper UVC wave length

PLEASE CLICK ON THE PICTURE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.



For replacement UV Bulbs, Lamps.


How Sponge filtration, filters work, truths, myths How sponge filters work and the benefits using SPONGE FILTRATION such as sponge filters in aquariums and ponds. . Sponge filtration is an often overlooked type of filtration for freshwater tanks and bowls, and even marine aquariums.

PLEASE CLICK ON THE PICTURE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





Many aquarists overlook the need for all aspects of AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY; CALCIUM, ELECTROLYTES, KH, GH, PH AND MAGNESIUM and the effect of a proper KH (Carbonate hardness) in their freshwater & saltwater aquarium. This is especially important with livebearers, goldfish, African cichlids, brackish and many other freshwater fish. The production of Nitrates (nitric acid) will slowly reduce your pH, but a proper KH will keep a more stable pH.
As well a correct understanding of what your GH test does and does not show as to providing necessary positive mineral ions/electrolytes.
Finally, there is much misunderstanding of Calcium and its importance to ALL fish from discus to marine, this article explains this and also provides outside references as well.
Also information about the set up and maintenance of an Amazon River/ SE Asia low pH aquarium.

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE AND OTHER LINKS.
Back To Top





This article (which will continue to grow with information); “AQUARIUM MEDICATIONS, treatments, how they work, and which ones to use and not to use” has information about different aquarium (and pond) treatments. I give the gram negative or gram positive applications where they apply. Not all human medications (or veterinary medications meant for cat or dog disease treatment) are practical in most aquarium or pond applications, a good example is penicillin and ampicillin.

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE AND OTHER LINKS.
Back To Top





Information about maintaining a clean and healthy pond environment; A CLEAR POND; Proper Pond Filtration, Cleaning, care, chemistry, Predators, basics, and more, includes these steps: Adequate water circulation and movement, good filtration, plant Filtration (Often called Veggie Filters), UV Sterilization, and cleaning. This article also has several links to more pond care and design resources.
This is a must read resource for those who would like to keep a beautiful garden pond.

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





There are several different kinds of aquarium filters and AQUARIUM FILTRATION methods. Most work best when used in combination to compliment each other, this redundancy is also important for peace of mind in case one filter fails, another will keep your aquarium filtering. This article includes DIY and trouble shooting as well.

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





This article; BASIC FRESHWATER AQUARIUM PRINCIPLES is a useful freshwater aquarium resource that is a must read for those thinking of getting a freshwater tank or have been just given one as a gift. This article deals with these subjects;
Including Information about:
• Aquarium • Substrate
• Filters • Heater
• Water Conditioning • Cycling
• Live Plants • Fish Acclimation
• Feeding • Cleaning
• Chemistry • Smelly Water
• Green Water • Cloudy Water

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.

For Freshwater Filter suggestions based on tank size:
Freshwater Aquarium Filter Set Up Suggestions

New!
Freshwater Aquarium Fish Profiles, information, aquarist notesFreshwater Fish Profiles
Back To Top







“AQUARIUM SALTWATER (MARINE) BASICS AND INFORMATION (Nano, Advanced, & Reef too)
Including these subjects;
Including Information about:
• Nano Reefs • Filtration
• Live Rock • Lighting
• Test Kits • Water Chemistry • UV Sterilization
• Proper fish feeding, including species specific diets
• Poisonous Marine Animals • Marine Ich Treatment
PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.

For Saltwater Set up suggestions, many outside the often anecdotal box:
SALTWATER AQUARIUM SET-UP/ SYSTEMS SUGGESTIONS

For a NEW article that has more about different beginner fish (and more), along with pictures, please see this article:
"BASIC TO ADVANCED MARINE (Saltwater) FISH & INVERTEBRATES Suggestions, pictures & Information for selection of your saltwater fish and other aquarium inhabitants

Back To Top





I have kept up many aquariums (marine and freshwater) during my years of aquarium maintenance. It was more of a challenge than my personal aquariums as many of customers overfed or did not tell me fish were sick until it was too late. That is why AQUARIUM DISEASE PREVENTION with these proven steps for a healthy aquarium is the best remedy for a healthy aquarium (or pond too)

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top






When choosing lighting for your aquarium, there is much more to consider than watts per gallon. The 2-4 watts per gallon for a Nano reef or freshwater plant aquarium, less for fish, more for hard coral; is a start but that is very general. There are other factors effecting lighting for your aquarium than just watt output. For example: You cannot compare the output of a 150 watt Metal Halide to a 150 watt outdoor floodlight. What I am trying to say is sometimes it comes down to comparing apples to oranges. This article; “AQUARIUM LIGHTING, Kelvin, Nanometers, PAR and more” will explain detail the important parameters and aspects of lighting. This is also my most updated article do to the amount of new information and research constantly available in this field, including the new SHO, T-2, LED lamps and more!

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





This article; “AQUARIUM PLANTS; Substrate, Ferts, CO2, Lighting, and other Factors” deals with several aspects of aquarium plant keeping, also aquarium plant information about Hornwort, Anubias, Java Fern, Java Moss, and more.
Also information about algae control, algae eating fish (Oto Catfish) and Snails (nerite).

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





Many goldfish are imported in very cold water, in crowded conditions, making them very susceptible to disease (especially Ich). That is why knowing some “GOLDFISH BASICS; Disease Prevention & Treatment” are very important to successful goldfish keeping. Also breeding basics.

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





There are many reasons and methods for AQUARIUM CLEANING
This article will help you keep fish happy and healthy and your tank a compliment to your home furnishings. Reasons included:
• Nitrate, Ph and KH control
• Removal of harmful elements
• Rinsing of bio-sponges, media, ect
• Removal of waste
• Control of algae growth
• DIY Python Style Super Gravel Vacuum
Also a cleaning video and methods explained.
PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





Information about the AQUARIUM NITROGEN CYCLE AND CYCLING (freshwater and saltwater) including nitrification, de-nitrification, and methods for aquarium cycling.

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





An aquarium or ponds health can be affected by THE REDOX POTENTIAL. A Redox Potential in the -200-400 mV range in human studies has been shown to have the same affect as anti-oxidant preparations such Vitamin C (and many others). This article shows that the health of aquarium fish can be maintained proper electrolytes and by a UV Sterilizer not just by the killing of potential disease pathogens, but by the maintenance of a proper Redox Potential.
This is an article every serious aquarist SHOULD READ!

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





This article deals with a common disease (protozoan infection) in freshwater and saltwater; “AQUARIUM ICH: Ichthyophthirius multifilis and Cryptocaryon irritans” and the treatment, identification, and life cycle. The scientific name for freshwater ich is “Ichthyophthirius multifilis”. The marine protozoan causing ich is “Cryptocaryon irritans”. Both organisms cause whitish spots, called “cysts”, to appear on the bodies and fins of the infested fishes.
Included in this article are: Identification, Life Cycle, Prevention, and Treatments.
PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.

For information about freshwater velvet (Piscinoodinium pillulare), follow this link (this article is from Aquarium Answers)
FRESHWATER VELVET - Piscinoodinium pillulare (also known as oodinium). Also Costia -My full article about freshwater Velvet, Costia and treatments.








MARINE OODINIUM (Amyloodinium Ocellatum); Also occasionally known as Coral Fish Disease or Saltwater Velvet.


My Full article about saltwater Oodinium
Back To Top





This article deals with “FLEXIBACTER- COLUMNARIS- The Proper treatment of. Also Identification and Treatment of FUNGUS (Saprolegnia)”
Question and answer information about Flavobacterium columnare (Columnaris) which is often mistaken for true fungus.
PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





This article deals with “The Treatment and Identification of Vibrio, Aeromonas, & Furunculosis in Aquariums and Ponds”. Vibrio a lactose-fermenting, gram-negative bacteria, opportunistic pathogen, is found in aquatic environments. Vibrio is more common in Saltwater.
One of the most common infections in freshwater fish is caused by the rod-shaped bacteria Aeromonas, which is also a gram negative, lactose-fermenting bacterium. Aeromonas is another common cause of hemorrhagic septicemia, especially in freshwater. Also information about Pop-Eye and the coldwater version of Aeromonas; Furunculosis.
PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





There is a lot of confusion about what constitutes Fish Nutrition and what ingredients are needed for proper fish nutrition, growth and health. The aquarist needs to understand that there are similarities and differences between fish and other animals. For example; Fish get most of their energy needs from fat, but in humans carbohydrates are a better source. Another point is amino acids (the building blocks of proteins); almost all animals have different amino acid needs. For example; Cats need Taurine in there diet or they can suffer heart problems….
PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





This article: “Spirulina Algae; The aquatic health benefits for Tropical, Marine and Goldfish” deals with Spirulina a planktonic blue-green algae found in warm water alkaline volcanic lakes rich in raw protein and seven major vitamins: A1, B1, B2, B6, B12 (one of the best natural sources for B12), C and E. It naturally contains beta-carotene, color enhancing pigments, and whole range of minerals. In addition, Spirulina has a 62% amino acid content and contains all essential fatty acids and eight amino acids required for complete nutrition.

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top





For a guide to choosing the correct aquarium or pond water pump “WATER PUMP SPECIFICATIONS, RECOMMENDATIONS, LIMITATIONS, SUGGESTIONS”.

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.



A quality Koi and goldfish food starts with quality aquatic based ingredients and “PROPER GOLDFISH FEEDING”.

PLEASE CLICK THE LINK ABOVE FOR THE FULL ARTICLE.
Back To Top




Aquarium and pond tubing installation

For help in connecting aquarium tubing to hose barbs or similar connection, please click here.









For Interesting Aquarium, Fish, & Pond Videos


Videos include Mixed Monster Fish Tank with FSB Filter, Fluval Edge 12 gal. with Mini 500 LED Lighting, & many more.

OR Pet Videos; Interesting/Funny Videos of fish and pets from aquariums, ponds, oceans or your own backyard.

Not really aquarium or pond information articles, but just interesting and entertaining videos. We will post more as I find them.

SUMMARY

As noted near the beginning of this page, some of the articles both here and in Aquarium & Pond Answers are of a more basic nature (such as Goldfish Basics), however others such as Aquarium Lighting or intentionally more in depth and need to be read in full (often multiple times) to fully understand rather than just snips.

A little background; when I first started writing these articles for the internet (something many of my clients asked for years), I made them VERY basic. My early feedback was rather harsh as many said it was "nothing special", then some who knew me better said that although they were still better than many in content due to less anecdotal information, they did not come close to the delivering the information they knew I could and that my constant research should be reflected. Many experts in SEO told me similar as well.
So now, although some of the articles are still more basic and not all that unique, many however will have well researched information you will not find elsewhere in one location and this information is only best understood when read in full.

I will make my point as to why I feel it is so important that these articles be read in full and not in snips which can result in anecdotal or poor information dissemination;

"In the 1980s I was mentored by an Endocrinologist (MD) whom was also an avid fish keeper (mostly marine). He helped me much understand the ins and outs of medications and one time gave me an in depth medical article that he though had useful information that could be applied to fish as well. Much of the information was not readily easy to understand for me, so I skipped over many sections and gleaned the points I wanted.
Later I was making some points to the Dr. and he stopped me and said I was incorrect and if I had read the article in full, to which I replied, 'no'. He then said that there is no way I could understand this article without reading it in full and applying ALL the information contained there in".

My point is, often it is easy and unfortunately ALL too common in this hobby to read just what we want, and many web sites (such as about.com) are good at satisfying this basically lazy desire (of which I too have been guilty of), however this often leads to poor understandings of the subject or worse.

Another point is I do not like to make diagnostic charts or similar such as lighting charts for aquariums as there are too many variables making such charts or comparisons often inaccurate (as the mentor of mine noted above also pointed out to me).

Finally, a point for those who stick to the closely held anecdotal beliefs that so badly permeate the aquarium keeping hobby rather than read researched articles such as these here or at Aquarium/Pond Answers, is best summed up by another Mentor of mine, (Reggie) at an aquarium supply wholesaler that finished his business career there (after most of his decades of business in different industries specializing in making poorly managed businesses successful again) told me this:
"I have never seen a more dishonest and back stabbing business than the Aquarium industry".
His point was about how often he found persons in this business/hobby would outright lie or simply ignore new/good science to either make a sale or not give up their tightly held anecdotal beliefs.

For Customer Feedback Emails


Back To Top







If you have found this site helpful (or the sister site Aquarium and Pond Answers), please consider a donation to help with the 100s of hours of research and regular updates that go into these articles:



 
     




Copyright © 2014, American Aquarium Products. All rights reserved.